Root - Góc giáo viên - Bài giảng giáo án
Làm sao để soạn GA với mục đích sửa lỗi phát âm cho trẻ ?
  2009-4-6 lúc 19:51:36   
diep_anh_tv 
[Member]
Tham gia ngày: 2008-12-9
Số bài viết: 10
trẻ 5-6 tuổi phát âm sai một số âm đầu như : tr,kh, s, t, ng hoặc âm cuối :ng,nh .... Xin hỏi ý kiến của các giáo viên hoặc chuyên gia làm sao để có thể soạn 1 giáo án để tiến hành dạy trẻ sửa các lỗi phát âm đó. Rất mong nhận được sự giúp đỡ!

Thay đổi nội dung bởi thaiduong (2009-4-10 lúc 11:46:7) - Lý do: Tiêu đề quá dài

sự hoàn thành và sự thành công là 2 điều rất khác biệt nhau
 
  2009-4-7 lúc 20:18:52   
Le Chi 
[Member]
Tham gia ngày: 2009-3-1
Số bài viết: 33
Theo mình hiểu thông thường khi muốn sủa lỗi phát âm cho trẻ thường được lồng ghép vào với một nội dung nào đó. Đơn giản và dễ nhất là với môn LQVCV hay LQVVH. Nếu chỉ là một tiết dậy chuyên sâu về sửa lỗi phát âm thì mình cũng chưa thấy có loại tiết như thế bao giờ
Xin ý kiến của những bạn khác


 
  2009-4-8 lúc 11:15:11   
quynho 
[Member]
Tham gia ngày: 2008-8-19
Số bài viết: 606
Bạn Le Chi nói đúng đó.Hiện tại để sửa phát âm cho trẻ bạn có thể lồng ghép trong 2 môn học: làm quen chữ viết và làm quen văn học.
Trong 2 môn trên thì làm quen chữ viết là môn dạy trẻ sửa lỗi phát âm tốt nhất.
Bên cạnh đó, việc sửa lỗi phát âm cho trẻ phải được thực hiện mọi lúc, mọi nơi chứ không chỉ trong môn học. Ngay cả trong giao tiếp hàng ngày với trẻ, giáo viên cũng cần để ý để sửa lỗi phát âm và sửa trẻ nói ngọng, nói lắp.



Quỷ nhỏ đã trở lại, ăn hại gấp nhiều lần!
 
  2009-4-9 lúc 16:8:3   
diep_anh_tv 
[Member]
Tham gia ngày: 2008-12-9
Số bài viết: 10
Vậy có khi nào dạy làm quen chữ viết mà dạy nguyên âm đôi "ch,tr"không ?

 
  2009-4-10 lúc 17:39:15   
Le Chi 
[Member]
Tham gia ngày: 2009-3-1
Số bài viết: 33
Ở lứa tuổi mẫu giáo lớn chỉ dậy làm quen 29 chữ cái. Những chữ ghép như thế không được tiến hành dậy trong chương trình. Nếu có chỉ là tự ý giáo viên tổ chức dậy thêm cho học sinh của mình thôi, dậy ngoài giờ học chính. Bạn nên tìm hiểu kĩ hơn nữa về hoạt động LQVCV bạn sẽ nắm rõ được chương trình dạy cho trẻ

 
  2009-4-11 lúc 23:22:8   
Lan 
[Member]
Tham gia ngày: 2009-2-7
Số bài viết: 1278
Nếu trẻ phát âm không chuẩn thì có thể dùng các bức tranh có hình để dạy cho trẻ. Thí dụ: âm /kh/ có hình con khỉ, em bé khóc, v,v,v,. Phát âm /kh kh kh/ khỉ và nói trẻ nói theo.
kh kh kh, khóc. /sss / sáng, sáu, 't t t' tí, tốt; tr tr tr trâu trắng, trên.

Speech Sounds
Clear speech develops gradually over time
Children learn to say the sounds of speech during the first 5 or 6 years of life.

Someone who is not used to a child’s way of talking might find the average 2-3 year old difficult to understand.

How speech sounds develop
These are the ages at which most children are able to say the different sounds of speech.
Remember that these can vary a great deal in the development of each child:
1 ½ -2 years
About 25% of speech is understandable
Child can say / m / , / b / , / p / , / w / , / n / , / t / & / d /
It is not unusual for children to drop sounds of the ends of words
/ k / and / g / may be produced as / t / and / d /

2 - 2 ½ years
Many children can now say / h /
Some may begin to use / k / and / g / correctly
Sounds are no longer dropped off the ends of words

2 ½ - 3 ½ years
Most children can use / k / and / g / properly
Some are beginning to use / f /, / s / and / y /
Speech is about 65% clear

3 ½ - 4 ½ years
Sounds added to speech include / v /, / z /, / l /, / sh /, / ch / and / j /
Some children may start to be able to say sound clusters; this is where 2 consonants appear together e.g. / s / + / p / = ‘ sp ’ — “spin”, / t / + / r / = ‘ tr ’ — “tree”
Speech is 75-90% clear

4 ½ + years
Most sound clusters should be in place
By this age speech should be largely understood all the time
/ r / and / th / are often the last sounds to develop and some children do not develop these until around 6 years old

See also the Speech Sounds Development Wheel

If you are worried about your child's development of speech
You can attend one of the drop in sessions run throughout the borough for advice or call the department: 0203 049 8099.
If you would prefer to talk to your child’s GP or Health Visitor about your concerns, they can make a referral for an assessment with a speech therapist, as can your child's nursery or school. Alternatively you can make a direct referral yourself.

Hearing matters
Children's hearing can have a big impact on how they develop speech sounds (if you can't hear a sound, how can you learn to make it yourself?). Make sure your child has their hearing checked at the 8 months, 2 year and 3 ½ year developmental check. If you have any concerns about your child’s hearing talk to your health visitor or GP.

How adults can help children develop their speech:

Children do not generally like being corrected about their speech. Asking them to copy you or to say it again clearly can make even a young child self-conscious. It is more helpful if you repeat the word back to the child, emphasizing the sounds they find difficult. E.g. if a child says‘ look a dod!’, you can respond with “oh yes a ‘dog!’”

If you are having difficulty understanding them, ask the child to show you what they mean with pointing or gestures

Try to be positive about their communication to help them be a ‘confident communicator’. Praise them when they are clear, even if the sounds are incorrect, praise them for trying.
Help develop good listening skills:


Cut down on background noise at home
Switch off the TV or Radio when no-one is watching or listening
Make sure they can see your face when you are talking as this will help them to see the shape of you mouth when you are making different speech sounds
Increase their awareness of sounds around them. Draw their attention to a sound and point to where it is coming from
Develop your child’s interests in sounds and rhymes:

Encourage them to make noises for things in play e.g. animals, cars etc
Develop their interest in rhymes and songs. Look at books which use similar sounds words like ‘pig on a dig’ and sing rhymes songs
You child needs to learn how to use the muscles of speech:

The lips, tongue, cheeks as well as teeth are used in speech
Encourage your child to use cups and straws as soon as they are able to use them
Avoid giving them a dummy after the age of one as this can interfere with normal speech development, as can prolonged bottle use
Playing blow football, blowing bubbles, balloons and party hooters are activities which use the muscles of speech
Basic speech sounds awareness
A child does not need to say the sounds when you are helping them with sound awareness. What they need is a chance to listen to sounds outside of their use in words. Do not ask them to copy these sounds, but if they choose to give them lots of praise.

Collect objects to represent the different sounds: (remember you are working on sounds not letters so / z / makes a /zzzzz/ sound rather than ‘zed’, / b / is /buh/ not ‘bee’).

/ m / motorbike Go ‘mmm’ as you run the motorbike along.

/ b / ball Say ‘b, b, b’ as you bounce it.

/ d / drum Say ‘d d d’ as you pretend to bang it.

/ s / snake Say ‘ssss’ as the snake goes along.

/ sh / doll Say ‘sh’ as the dolls sleeps

Keep these toys in a special box or bag and only produce them for a short while so your child doesn’t lose interest and you can play together with them regularly.


What will happen when we see a speech therapist?
Your child’s speech will be assessed by a speech therapist at a clinic, at home or in nursery/school. Speech sound difficulties are usually treated in community clinics. The therapist will talk to you, your child and may complete some simple tasks with pictures.

After the assessment they will talk to you about your child’s speech. It may be that their speech is developing as we would expect. If your child does have difficulties with speech sounds they may give some advice on how to help at home or at nursery/school and book another appointment to see how things are going. They may suggest your child has a number of speech therapy sessions. This may be in a group or 1:1 session.

Speech sound difficulties require work little and often. You should be prepared to work with your child at home regularly for a short time as this will have the best impact on developing their speech sounds.

It can take some time but with support and therapy most speech sound difficulties are very treatable.



Types of Difficulties
There are 3 main types of speech sounds difficulties. Some children have more than one at the same time. Your therapist will be able to find out which:

Phonological difficulties:
Some children find it hard to process sounds and organize and store them correctly. When they hear and learn a word e.g. ‘cat’ they store it incorrectly in their head e.g. as ‘tat’. When they are talking they use these incorrect word stores and that’s why they can be hard to understand. Most children make these sort of errors to some level during their development but with time and by certain ages they correct themselves.

Articulation difficulties:
Some children have difficulty using and placing the tongue, lips, jaw etc in the correct place to make the sounds. A person with a lisp for example has difficulty placing their tongue in the correct place to make the /s/ sound. ~

Co-ordination difficulties (Verbal Dypraxia):
Some children have difficulties putting sounds in the correct order or sequence. They know what they want to say but as the message is sent from the brain to the mouth it becomes all jumbled.
http://www.southwarkpct.nhs.uk/a/427
Articulation Guidelines

for

Sound Development



90% of children have acquired these sounds by age 3-4 years:

/p/ /m/ /h/ /w/ /b/

90% of children have acquired these sounds by age 4-5years:

/k/ /g/ /d/ /f/ /v/ /y/ /t/

90% of children have acquired these sounds by age 6-7 years:

/ing/

90% of children have acquired these sounds by age 7-7.5 years:

/r/ /l/ /z/ /s/ /ch/ /sh/ /j/

90% of children have acquired these sounds by age 8-8.5 years:

/th - voiced/ /th-unvoiced/



The information included for consideration in the norms listed here does not include lateralization of phonemes. These would warrant special consideration with judgement being based on the clinician's professional judgement.

http://mi001.k12.sd.us/speech.htm

Mình post lên để các bạn tham khảo.




 
  2009-4-11 lúc 23:35:10   
Lan 
[Member]
Tham gia ngày: 2009-2-7
Số bài viết: 1278
http://www.nhidong.org.vn/Default.aspx?sid=7&nid=1782

 
  2009-4-11 lúc 23:38:3   
Lan 
[Member]
Tham gia ngày: 2009-2-7
Số bài viết: 1278
http://vnspeechtherapy.com/vi/module.asp?id=3&lang=vn

 
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